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Preventative Care

Wellness Exams

Wellness exams are recommended once to twice annually, and include vaccine administration. Routine examination is important to find problems early, assess diet, body weight, and discuss any husbandry issues, or any other concerns that you may have. Wellness exams include a basic physical exam, oral exam and assessment of minor lumps, bumps, etc. If a more in-depth exam is required for a specific problem (example: lameness exam) or if one is desired, just ask and we would be happy to accommodate your needs.

 

Vaccines

Vaccines are an important part of your horse’s preventative health care plan but there is no blanket program that is ideal for all horses. In order to determine which vaccines are best for an individual horse (or population of horses) we examine many factors. Some of these include: age of patient(s), herd size, population density, geographic region, patient contact with other horses, travel plans, vaccine effectiveness, cost, etc. At Capital Large Animal Veterinary Service, we will help you perform risk-benefit analysis to tailor a vaccine program specific to your needs.

Unfortunately no vaccine is 100% safe or 100% effective so, one must weigh the pluses and minuses of each vaccine to determine the right program for your individual horse or group. Some vaccines have enough demonstrated safety and efficacy to be recommended for all horses (the core vaccines) while other vaccines are only added into the program when the benefits outweigh the risks.  

 

Deworming

Just like vaccines, there is not one deworming program that fits all populations of horses. Deworming programs are modified slightly to reflect changes in patient age and population density. In addition to routine anti-helminthic use it is a good idea to monitor your program's effectiveness with strategic fecal examination for parasite eggs. This can be accomplished by collecting one or two fresh fecal balls and submitting them to Capital Large Animal for microscopic examination. Call us for more information. 

   


Dental Care

Regular dental care is an essential component of a quality preventative health care program. At Capital Large Animal we offer both routine and advanced dental care depending on the patient’s needs.

  • Point, Hook, Step & Wave reductions
  • Geriatric Dentistry
  • Dental Radiography
  • Standing Extractions



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Bandaging

   

General Tips

1) Although there is no proven research that this makes a difference, most horsemen (horsewomen) and veterinarians routinely bandage from the foot upward and wrap bandage material from the front to the back on the outside of the limb (counterclockwise on the left side). 

2) Adequate padding (sheet cotton) is necessary for protecting the tendons/ligaments and associated soft tissue structures.  

3) A bandage that is too loose is just as bad as one that is too tight. Look for swelling above or below the bandage, pain/swelling associated with the flexor tendons or an increase in lameness. These signs can be indicators of a problem with the bandage.  

4) A bandage that is wet, has slipped, or has a foul odor should be replaced.  

5) Most bandages will need to be changed every 1-4 days. Each situation is a little bit different, and thus may require more or less frequent dressing changes.  

6) Most wound care situations, especially if sutures have been placed will require some form of confinement, either to a stall or small paddock.  

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